Asset Tracking – what is it?

Asset Tracking – what is this and what possibilities do different asset tracking approaches offer? This text is intended to give you a quick overview of Asset Tracking without going too far into the technical details.

Asset tracking is the tracking of goods and objects. Either the presence of an asset at a defined location can be communicated or complete movements of the asset in a defined area or a defined room can be shown. Which type of tracking you choose depends largely on the requirements and the desired results. Depending on the requirements, different technologies are also used.

Three-dimensional tracking

For example, a three-dimensional real-time tracking of an asset in the room can be implemented with ultra-wide band technology (UWB). With this technology, positioning accuracies of less than ten to 30 centimeters can be achieved. However, such precise and continuous positioning is often not necessary at all.

Communication of position and status data

In the manufacturing industry with fixed production lines, it is usually only important to know at which station of a defined path a good or a production part is currently located. Of course, this type of asset tracking is much cheaper and faster to install. Integrated Beacon/RFID solutions are often available for the requirements of industry 4.0. This is all the more so as it is now possible with Sensor Beacons to communicate further information in addition to pure position determination. For example, the respective ambient temperature can be communicated, which offers many advantages in the food industry.

Tracking of free movement sequences

The tracking of a free movement sequence, i.e. not only knowing, is my asset at location A or location B, is particularly important in the retail and tourism industries in a special form of asset tracking, in person tracking. Here it is important to know customer flows and routes. On cruise ships or in other tourist facilities such as amusement parks or resorts, for example, kids trackers are offered which enable parents to view the location of their child on their own smartphone at any time. MSC Cruises is a pioneer in this field and customers’ opinions are clearly positive. Pure beacon technology is used for this type of tracking. The person to be tracked is equipped with a bracelet with integrated iBeacon. Via BLE (Bluetooth Low Energy), the beacon permanently communicates its location to recipients, who in turn send the position data to a server from which the data can be retrieved by any authorized person.

More about Asset Tracking

To learn more about Asset Tracking, we recommend the white paper “ASSET & PERSON TRACKING FOR INDOOR – APPLICATIONS AND TECHNOLOGIES“, which you can download here. A good source of information is also the  page which is available in english language, too. Our team is of course also available for interested parties. Contact us at any time on the subject of asset tracking.